Copyright & Terms of Use

Copyright & Terms of Use

Images of manuscripts, attribution information, and transcriptions displayed within this site (the “MAPP material”) are governed by a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) (available at, except where otherwise indicated

You do not need permission to use MAPP Material for personal or private research, in-class teaching purposes, school projects and assignments, or other non-commercial uses. Material incorporated in MAPP must be used with accompanying credit line to the owning institution ("Library"), and may not be copied or provided to others without this information. For images of manuscripts and archival records, this information is located in the credit line accompanying the image. You do not need permission to link to MAPP or to individual items within MAPP. We prefer that you link to the home page at, and that links to individual items within MAPP be accompanied by a link to the homepage.

Commercial use: For images of manuscripts, please contact the institution listed as holding the original manuscript ("Library"). Contact information can be found under "Partners."

All copyrights that exist in this material have not been transferred to MAPP. When use is made of these texts and images, it is the responsibility of the user to obtain additional permissions as necessary and to observe the stated access policy, the laws of copyright and the educational fair use guidelines. Copyright holders and estates are clearly referenced in the credit line accompanying the image ("Rights holder") and should be contacted in all cases of publication.


Copyright holders

Copyrights holders are listed to accompany the image shown and the MAPP project is committed to respecting copyright holders’ interests. Every reasonable effort has been made to trace the copyright holders of the content on this site and to obtain permission to reproduce material. If you have further information relating to the rights holder of any of the material shown on the site please get in touch. We operate a take-down policy and will either replace the material in accordance with the rights-holder’s wishes or ensure that the material is removed from our site as appropriate.

The Penguin Random House Archive & Library UK is the copyright holder for many of the items relating to production and publishing held on deposit in the Hogarth Press Archive at the University of Reading Special Collections.

Please contact the Penguin Random House Archive & Library directly with permissions requests:

Archive and Library Manager
Penguin Random House UK
1 Cole Street, Crown Park, Rushden, Northants NN10 6RZ
44 (020) 7840 8810


Authors’ estates are also rights holders of many images contained in MAPP. We have provided information about these estates to accompany the image shown as necessary. Occasionally estates change hands. Please check against the WATCH copyright database for any variance in contact details.

We are very grateful to all of the copyright holders and estates who have worked with us to make materials available on MAPP.